The World Health Organization estimates that between 100 million and 140 million women and girls world wide have been subjected to female genital mutilation. The report states that about three million girls are at risk each year.
The purpose of female genital mutilation is to curb the sexual desire of the girl or woman and preserve her sexual honor before marriage.. They see this as a way of guaranteeing her virginity and fidelity. The mutilation is irreversible and the procedure is extremely painful.
FGM is practiced in Egypt, Somalia, Yemen, Mali, Sudan, Guinea, Djibouti, Mauritania and others. Knives, scissors, scalpels, pieces of glass and razor blades are often used and often times these instruments are not sterile. What is even more troubling is that the procedure is often done without anesthetic.
The practice has dreadful consequences. Mortality rate is high and the survivors suffer their whole lives from the psychological and medical consequences of the operation. They are traumatized and suffer from health issues during marriage and pregnancy. Most endure rather than enjoy sex. Female Genital Mutilation must stop. No woman should have to endure this horrible form of abuse.
- Female genital mutilation: ‘I want to help other girls’ (guardian.co.uk)
- UN passes first resolution condeming female genital mutilation (rawstory.com)